TFCC is also known as the triangular fibrocartilage complex, and it affects the area between one's radius and ulna. These two bones make the forearm. The TFCC is made of various ligaments and tendons besides cartilage. Besides helping the wrist move and stabilize the forearm bones, one grasps something with their hand or rotates the forearm. A type of injury to the region is known as TFCC tear.
Symptoms of TFCC tear:
Pain is one of the most common symptoms of the Tcc tear. It happens both along the wrist, and also, people can feel the pain throughout the complete wrist. The pain tends to be consistent, or it might come up when one moves their arm or apply some pressure to it. Some other symptoms include:
- a clicking or popping sound when one moves their wrist
The causes of TFCC tear:
- Type 1 TFCC tears are mainly caused due to injuries, for instance, falling or landing on the outstretched hand, which can easily damage cartilage, tendons, or ligaments in one’s TFCC.
- Type 2 TFCC tears are mainly caused due to slow cartilage breakdown in the TFCC, and it is due to the age of some underlying conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis or gout.
TFFC tear test:
Often, Tfcc is diagnosed, including tests like fovea test, also known as ulnar fovea sign. To do the same, the medical professional is likely to apply pressure outside one’s wrist and ask if they can feel any tenderness or pain. They can do the same to one’s unaffected wrist for at least comparison. Patients are also invited to go through several wrist movements, including rotating their forearm or moving their hand away from their thumb.
Medical professionals are likely to use Xray to ensure one doesn’t have to break any bones in their forearm or hand.
The surgery is likely to treat TFCC with a minimum invasive arthroscopy. During the process, the medical professional is expected to repair the injured part of one's TFCC through some incisions around their wrist.
In some of the cases, people need to also go through a typical open surgery. After the surgery, one needs to wear a cast to keep their wrist moving for at least six weeks. Once the form is removed, patients have to go through physical therapy before the wrist gains the strength to function again. They also need to do some exercises to recover quickly.
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