A sprain is defined as a tearing of the ligaments that connect bone to bone and help stabilise the joint. Sprains to the ankle are one of the most common sporting injuries.
Symptoms of an ATFL injury
The ATFL joint is located on the lateral side of the ankle – the outside of the foot. If you have injured your ATFL you can expect noted tenderness in the area, swelling, bruising and often dificulty walking.
The lateral ligaments of the ankle, composed of the anterior talo-fibular ligament (ATFL), the calcaneo-fibular ligament (CFL) and the posterior talo-fibular ligament.
The medial (deltoid) ligaments is much stronger than the lateral ligament and is therefore injured much less frequently.
If returning to sports, the athlete should be encouraged to wear an ankle brace or to tape the ankle for a further 6 months to provide external support. Types of taping include a heel lock and figure of 6.
Before returning to full functional activity the patient should have full range of pain f-ee movement in the ankle, normal strength and normal proprioception.
Hopping on one leg